As our residency at the International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam comes to an end, we reflect on the impact, the legacy and the future of the 2016 edition.

What’s An Architecture Biennale Good For Anyway?

Featured article by René Boer and Mark Minkjan
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Social and environmental housing crises won’t be solved by the market. Is self-building the way out?

Self-Builds: Between Unruly Real Estate Markets and Failed Housing Policies

Featured article by René Boer and Mark Minkjan
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Using an aestheticising medium for telling the multi-layered story of Katendrecht, the context of this year's International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam.

Instagramming Architecture

Featured article by René Boer and Mark Minkjan
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The Albanian landscape is littered with unfinished structures, but why?

Photo Essay: Albania’s Concrete Skeletons

Featured article by antiforum
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With the growing trend towards hostile architecture now openly admitting its political incentives, are we in an age of transparent hostility?

Robert Moses, Pig-Ears and the Camden Bench: How Architectural Hostility Became Transparent

Featured article by Tom Coggins
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An interview about celebrating otherness, alternatives to scripted cities and the promise of monsters, with Failed Architecture intern Sanne Kanters.

Spaces of Otherness: Ruins Through a Feminist Lens

Featured article by Mark Minkjan
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How the aestheticisation of iconic slums limits people’s understanding of informal urbanism.

Slum Porn: Urban Misery as Catchy Imagery

Featured article by René Boer and Mark Minkjan
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Public spaces that are for some people, for some of the time, will kill urbanity. Real cities have many open and unscripted places where otherness is encountered, and where non-consumers are also citizens.

The Tyranny of the Filter Bubble and the Future of Public Space

Featured article by René Boer and Mark Minkjan
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Temporary and bottom-up urban projects are just a cover-up for failing governments.

Why the Pop-up Hype Isn’t Going to Save Our Cities

Featured article by René Boer and Mark Minkjan
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From the wide array of urban imaginaries presented at the IABR–2016, Failed Architecture has gathered some of the biennale’s central ideas for the future of cities.

What the City of the Future Looks Like in the Next Economy

Featured article by René Boer and Mark Minkjan
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With current trends intensifying, the picture looks quite bleak.

What the City of the Future Looks Like If We Don’t Change Course

Featured article by René Boer and Mark Minkjan
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Can architecture biennales be more than travelling design circuses? FA's Mark Minkjan and René Boer are critics-in-residence at IABR 2016 to find out.

Going Embedded at the International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam 2016: The Next Economy

Featured article by René Boer and Mark Minkjan
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How does a decadent darling on the chopping block become an unlikely underdog: the famous restaurant in New York's Seagram Building and its mandatory hip makeover.

Last Season: the Final Moments of the Four Seasons

Featured article by Margaret McCormick
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Photographer Hussam Da’na captured the precarious state of the old film theaters in the center of the Jordanian capital.

Photo Essay: Amman’s Forgotten Cinemas

Featured article by René Boer
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Space Battle

Because each spatial intervention is the direct result of an ideology, architecture is complicit in materialising political, economical and financial power structures. Vernacular architecture can be a counterweight.

Myths of Modernism

Modernism promised the future but has now shifted to the past. FA assesses both the optimistic and pessimistic Myths of Modernism and their corresponding realities, which are not always in sync.

Ruin & Dystopia

Urban decay and dystopian worlds are not merely a blogger's fetish. They can help to clarify a city’s historical layers, societal dynamics and imaginations of the future.

Future Failure

Current developments in architecture influence the future make-up of our world.

Architected Stuff

The architectural culture suffers from vanity and the mass-production of meaningless viral eye-candy. Like Kanye says: 'everything needs to be architected'.
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